Milady Quizlet Chapter 5

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  1. Milady Chapter 5 Test Answers
  2. Chapter 5 Matching Quizlet Milady
  3. Quizlet Milady Esthetics Chapter 5

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Milady Quizlet Chapter 5
Term
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Definition
Abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Term
acquired immunity
Definition
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or though exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
Term
allergy
Definition
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
Term
antiseptics
Definition
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Term
asymptomatic
Definition
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection.
Term
bacilli
Definition
Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
Term
bacteria
Definition
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
Term
bactericidal
Definition
Capable of destroying bacteria.
Term
binary fission
Definition
The division of bacteria cells into two cells called daughter cells.
Term
bioburden
Definition
The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
Term
bloodborne pathogens
Definition
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body or blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV
Term
chelating soaps
Definition
Also known as chelating detergents; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
Term
clean (cleaning)
Definition
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and so many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection. Cleaning is what cosmetologist are required to do before disinfecting.
Term
cocci
Definition
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.
Term
contagious disease
Definition
Also known as communicable disease; disease that spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pink eye), viral infection and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
Term
contamination
Definition
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair and skin.
Term
decontamination
Definition
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
Term
diagnosis
Definition
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic test. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.
Term
diplococci
Definition
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia
Term
Direct Transmission
Definition
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching
Term
Disease
Definition
an abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal funchtion
Term
Disinfectants
Definition
chemical products that destroy all bacteria fungi and viruses
Term
disinfection
Definition
a chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms on environmental surfaces
Term
efficacy
Definition
The ability to produce an effect.
Term
exposure incident
Definition
Contact with nonintact (broken) skin, blood, body, fluide or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.
Term
fagella
Definition
Slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomation (moving about). May also be referred to as cilia.
Term
fungi (singular: fungus)
Definition
Microscopic plant parasites, which include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
Term
fungicidal
Definition
Capable of destroying fungi.
Term
hepatitis
Definition
A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
Term
hospital disinfectants
Definition
Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluid.
Term
human immunodeficiency virus
Definition
Abbreviated HIV; virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Term
human papilloma virus
Definition
Abbreviated HPV and also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
Term
immunity
Definition
The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired and is a sign of good health.
Term
indirect transmission
Definition
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.